The Caucus and Convention Process

Precinct Caucuses and Conventions happen either annually or biennially depending on where you live. You can still get involved at any time by reaching out to your local organization.

The DFL’s Caucus & Convention Process

The DFL Party believes democracy starts at the grassroots. That is why we use precinct caucuses and conventions to endorse candidates, elect party leaders, and shape the party platform. These meetings are a great way to get involved in the democratic process and make your voice heard.


The Four Levels of DFL Caucuses and Conventions

1. Precinct Caucuses

The precinct caucuses are a foundational pillar to the DFL Party’s grassroots history because all Minnesota constituents have the ability to participate at this level.

Those in attendance have an opportunity to speak with candidates, participate in a preferential ballot, and compose resolutions that have the potential to be forwarded to their local unit conventions and the state convention for deliberation for acceptance to the official DFL Ongoing Platform and Action Agenda.

Have a scheduling conflict on caucus night? Know your rights: Minnesota Statutes Section 202A.19 permits Minnesota residents to take time off from work without pay to attend precinct caucuses provided they give their employer written notice at least 10 days in advance. State universities, community colleges, and public schools may not hold classes or events after 6:00 p.m. on the evening of precinct caucuses. State agencies, school boards, county boards, township boards, city councils, and all other political subdivisions may not conduct meetings after 6:00 p.m. on caucus night.


2. Organizing Unit Convention

The Organizing Unit is the second level of the DFL Party structure. Delegates are elected to their Organizing Unit conventions at their local precinct caucuses. Then, these delegates will endorse candidates for the state legislature and choose delegates to move on to the state and congressional district conventions.

Organizing Units may be based on county, senate district, or house district boundaries. In larger counties such as Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, St. Louis, Scott, Stearns, Washington, and Wright, most Organizing Units are full Senate Districts. In these areas, the Organizing Unit and Senate District conventions are combined into one convention that both endorses legislative candidates and handles other party business. In areas where Organizing Units aren’t full Senate Districts, separate conventions are held to endorse candidates. (The different Organizing Units are defined in Article V of the DFL Constitution.)

Like at the state party level, organizing unit and senate district conventions are generally held on even-numbered years, with a few exceptions. The organizing unit central and executive committees are the governing bodies of the organizing unit between conventions.

Organizing Unit/Senate District Convention Tasks:

  • To endorse candidates for State Senate and House
  • To conduct local party unit business
  • To present and consider platform resolutions
  • Elect Delegates to Congressional and State Conventions

3. Congressional District Convention

The congressional district, an area established by law for the election of representatives to the U.S. Congress, is the third level in the DFL Party structure. The boundaries of congressional districts are determined by State legislature and are dependent on the population of the state and the number of U.S. representative seats given to Minnesota. In general, each congressional district is to be as equal in population to all other congressional districts in the State.

Between conventions, the congressional district central and executive committees are the governing bodies of a congressional district party unit. On even-numbered years, Congressional district conventions are held with delegates who have been elected at the DFL organizing unit conventions.

Congressional District Convention Tasks:

  • To endorse Minnesota candidates for U.S. Congress
  • Elect members to State Commissions and committees for the State Convention
  • Elect Delegates to the National Convention

4. State Convention

The State Convention is the supreme governing body of the Minnesota DFL Party. At the 2020 State Convention, delegates will:

  • Endorse a candidate for the U.S. Senate
  • Elect At-Large Delegates to the Democratic National Convention
  • Elect DFL State Directors
  • Present and deliberate amendments to the State DFL Constitution and Bylaws
  • Consider proposed resolutions for inclusion in the DFL Ongoing Platform and Action Agenda

State Conventions are held on even-numbered years with over 1,300 voting delegates in attendance. The convention is open to the public and is held in different parts of the state every two years. The State Central Committee is the governing body of the party between conventions.

Every four years, delegates at the State Convention also elect at-large representatives to serve on the Democratic National Committee along with the state party chair and vice-chair.

Temporary and Proposed Permanent Rules

State Convention FAQs


5. National Convention

The last Democratic National Convention was held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, August 17 – 20, 2020.  The National Convention is the gathering at which the delegates to the United States Democratic Party choose the party’s nominees for President of the United States and Vice President of the United States. Delegates are elected to the National Convention from Congressional District Conventions and from the State Convention. Delegates chosen should meet representation goals established by the State Democratic Party.

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